EMT certification is required if a person wants to be an Emergency Medical Technician. There are training programs available that will help toward that goal. EMT certification may be included in some of the training programs and may offer a chance for a retake of the exam on the event of failed attempts. Most courses place emphasis on the test by providing sample questions that are similar to that which are asked in the actual exam as a way to prepare students for the real certification exam.
Before taking an EMT certification course, a candidate must be immunized against Hepatitis B, tuberculosis, measles, mumps and malaria. In the case of Hepatitis B, all three vaccinations must be completed and the resulting proof of immunization must be presented before embarking on the training course.
EMT certification has four levels: EMT B, EMT-I, EMT-II, and EMT III. EMT-B is the lowest level that EMTs can start from to do the job. Most EMTs at this level are allowed to handle oxygen and glucose while other duties as prescribed by the regulating department. EMT-I is the second level and are allowed to perform tasks that EMT-Bs are not allowed to do. EMT-I level requires additional training because the job involves handling of drugs like D50, Narcan and nitro tablets as well as starting lactated ringers and intubating with ET tubes. EMT-II is the third level. Prerequisite for this level is EMT-I. The candidate must at least know ten contacts that have patients before progressing to EMT-II. EMT-IIs can set up intravenous lines or administer medications as instructed by a doctor. EMT-III requires additional training to help patients with cardiac care. EMT-IIIs are cleared to use morphine, atrophine and epinephrine. Just as with the previous level, candidates must know at least ten EMT-IIs with patients and must have at least 50 hours of training and ten must have gone through ten venous procedures as an EMT-II
Education is an ongoing process for EMTs. In fact, one of the requirements for recertification are a certain number of continuing education credits as prescribed by Section 22.214.171.124.2 of the Vermont EMS Rules or renew their national certification as the basis for renewal. A person whose EMT certification has expired must hold current National Registry of EMTs certification at the basic level as the basis for the renewal of their certificate.